Context: Pigeons probably originally the rock dove in Europe, have been partially domesticated and carried to all parts of the world. The gastro-intestinal tracts of pigeon s harbor a wide variety of helminthes, of which nematodes are the most deleterious parasites and are responsible for clinical and sub-clinical parasitism.
Objective: The present studies was under taken for calculation of prevalence of parasitic diseases in pigeon in relation to breed, age, farm type and region and determine the rate of infection with the different species of parasites.
The present research was undertaken for the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in Pigeons from January 2015 to December 2015. Total 3 different species of parasites were recorded in this study. Those were Ascaridia columbae, Capillilaria obsignata, Raillietina tetragona. During this study, prevalence of parasitic infections according to age, breed, farming system and regions were recorded.
Results: Out of 263 fecal samples positive case was 114 and all were endoparasites. The rate of infection was Ascariasis 22.81%, Capillariasis 8.63% and Raillietinasis 1.90%. The helminthes were significantly more prevalent in adults (50%) than in young (22.22%). Indigenous breeds are more prevalent in parasitic infection (63.47%) than exotic breeds (36%). In traditional farming system the rate of infection is more (71.16%) than commercial farming system (31.14%). Among three districts Rajshahi, Natore, Pabna the rate of infection is high in Pabna (68.32%) than Natore (57.84%) and then Rajshahi (33.33%). All the differences were statistically significant (p< 0.05).
Conclusion: Adult pigeons (50%), Indigenous breeds (63.47%), traditional farming system (71.16%) and Pabna (68.32%) were more susceptible to parasites infection in the study area. At the same time the efficacy rate of anthelmintics at 21th day in young and adult are 86.36% and 65.51%, respectively.